Sunday, May 26, 2013

Pakistan



Pakistan

Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad



1947 India-Pakistan War
1965 India-Pakistan War
1971 India-Pakistan War
1999 Kargil Conflict with India

1947- India and Pakistan are granted independence from Britain. Due to religious fighting the British decided to separate the two groups into India for the Hindus and Pakistan for the Muslims. Pakistan at this time consisted of East Pakistan (modern day Bangladesh) and West Pakistan (modern day Pakistan). East and West Pakistan were separated by hundreds of miles of Indian territory. While he people of East and West Pakistan are both predominately Muslim, they are different culturally. Pakistan is politically dominated by West Pakistan.
1971- East Pakistan seeks independence. West Pakistan sends military forces to suppress rioting. India intervenes on the side of the East Pakistan separatist. After bitter fighting, East Pakistan becomes the independent nation of Bangladesh.

Poor relations with India.
Dispute with India over Kashmir.
Good relations with China.
There are more U.N. Peacekeepers from Pakistan than in any other nation. 10,000 as of 2011.
Strategic Khyber Pass from Pakistan to Afghanistan.




Pakistan Armed Forces
617,000 active duty forces
513,000 reserve personnel
304,000 paramilitary forces

Ballistic Missiles
Hatf-1- Pakistani made short range missile.
Hatf-2 (Abdali)- Pakistani made short range ballistic missile.
Haft 3 (Ghaznavi)- Pakistani made short range ballistic missile. 290 km range.

Hatf-4 (Shaheen I)- Pakistani made short range ballistic missile.

Hatf-5 (Ghauri)- Pakistani made medium range ballistic missile. 1,500 km range.

Haft-6 (Shaheen II)- Pakistani made medium range ballistic missile. 2,500-3,500 km range depending on the type of warhead.

Haft 7 (Babur)- Pakistani made cruise missile. 1100 km (684 mile) range.

Haft 8 (Ra'ad)- Pakistani made cruise missile.
Haft 9 (Nasr)- Pakistani made theater level or battlefield ballistic missile.


Ghauri II- Longer range version of the Ghauri. 2,000-2,500 km range.
Ghauri III- Pakistani made intermediate range ballistic missile. 3,000-3,500 km range.

Shaheen III medium range ballistic missile






Pakistani Air Force
65,000 personnel

Pakistan sent personnel to Egypt, Jordan, and Syria to fight in the 1967 Six Day War. Pakistani pilots shot down 10 israeli aircraft during the conflict with no loses of their own.

Pakistan sent 16 pilots to fight against israel during the 1973 Ramadan War (Yom Kippur War). By the time the pilots arrived, Egypt had already agreed to a ceasefire. The Pakistani pilots flew with the Syrian Air Force. 1 Pakistani pilot shot down an israeli jet. After the conflict ended, many of the Pakistani pilots stayed in Syria to help train the Syrian Air Force.

F-16 fighter aircraft (86)



JF-17 fighter aircraft- Joint Chinese and Pakistani made aircraft. Capable of carrying nuclear bombs.? (100)

F-7 fighter aircraft (186)

Mirage III fighter aircraft (75)
Mirage V fighter aircraft (82)

FC-20 advanced trainer aircraft. A variant of the J-10. (36 on order)
K-8 trainer aircraft (60)

FT-5 trainer aircraft (10)
T-37 trainer aircraft (39)
MFI-17 Mushshak- Pakistani made basic trainer aircraft (149)
Super Mushshak- Upgraded Mushshak trainer aircraft.




Ra'ad (Hatf VIII) air launched cruise missiles

CM-400AKG air-to-ground missiles

H4 Stand Off Weapon (SOW) precision guided glide bomb. 120 km range.
H2 Stand Off Weapon (SOW) precision guided glide bomb.
PL-12 long range air-to-air missiles
AIM-120 long range air-to-air missiles
AIM-9 air-to-air missiles
PL-9 air-to-air missiles?
PL-5 air-to-air missiles
Matra R.550 Magic air-to-air missiles
Matra R.530 air-to-air missiles
MAA-1B Piranha air-to-air missiles. Brazilian made.
MAR-1 air-to-surface anti-radiation missiles. Brazilian made.

C-130 transport aircraft (18)
CASA CN-235 transport aircraft (4)
Y-12 transport aircraft (2)
Il-78 transport aircraft

Boeing 707 transport aircraft

Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft


Il-78 air refueling aircraft

Alouette III helicopters (95)
Mi-17 helicopters (45)

Falco unmanned aerial vehicles. Italian made.

NESCOM Burraq Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV)- Looks similar to the Chinese CH-3.


GIDS Shahpar Unmanned Aerial Vehicles



GIDS Uqab tactical/training Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
GIDS Sentry Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
GIDS Scout hand launched Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

SPADA 2000 with Aspide surface-to-air missiles (Italian made)
HQ-2 surface-to-air missiles (Chinese made)
HQ-9 surface-to-air missiles (Chinese made)
FM-90 surface-to-air missiles

Crotale surface-to-air missiles
RBS-70 surface-to-air missiles
Mistral surface-to-air missiles
Anza Mk 1 Pakistani made shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
Anza Mk 2 Pakistani made shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
Anza Mk 3 Pakistani made shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
FIM-92 Stinger shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles

Special Service Wing (SSW) - Pakistani Air Force commando unit.

FN F2000 assault rifles









Pakistani Navy
24,000 active duty personnel
5,000 reserve personnel

Naval Jack of Pakistan

Frigates (11)

Submarines (5)
Midget Submarines (3)
Missile Boats (12)
Patrol Boats (17)
Hovercraft (12)

Mine Warfare Vessels (4)
Landing Ship, Dock (1)
Auxiliary Ships (8)
Guided Missile Ship?

P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft (7)

Fokker F27 aircraft used for maritime patrol (7)

Sea King helicopters (6)

Westland Lynx helicopters (3)
SA.319B Alouette III helicopters (8)

Harbin Z-9 helicopters (12)
Breguet Atlantique 1 aircraft used for maritime surveillance (2)

Harpoon anti-ship missiles
Exocet anti-ship missiles
C802 missiles on missile boats

A naval version of the Babur land attack cruise missile (LACM) are still under development.


Special Service Group Navy (SSGN)

Marines
2,000 personnel
FN16 or HY-6 shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
Mistral surface-to-air missiles









Army
550,000 active duty personnel

Al Khalid tanks (300) – Pakistani made.

Al Zarrar tanks (400)- Pakistani made. Upgraded Chinese Type 59-II

T-80UD tanks (320)

Type 85-IIAP tanks (300)
Type 69-II (300)
Type 63 amphibious tanks (50)
Type 59 tanks (in reserve storage)
T-55 tanks (in reserve storage)
Hamza Infantry Fighting Vehicles

Al Fahd Infantry Fighting Vehicles
Talha Armored Personnel Carriers
M113 Armored Personnel Carriers (1,600)
BTR-80 Armored Personnel Carriers
BTR-70 Armored Personnel Carriers
Mohafiz Armored Personnel Carriers
Otokar Akrep Turkish made 4x4 wheeled Armored Personnel Carriers
Sa'ad Armored Personnel Carriers (Currently in production)

A100 Chinese made 300mm multiple rocket launchers. Chinese copy of the 9K58 Smerch with 10 tubes.
KRL-21 155mm multiple rocket launchers. Pakistani made.

M110 203mm self propelled howitzers (60)

M109 155mm self propelled howitzers (200)

SH1 155mm Chinese made self propelled howitzers on 6x6 wheeled chassis (90)

M115 203mm towed howitzers (28)

MKEK Panter Turkish made 155mm towed howitzers (30)
M198 155mm towed howitzers (148)
M114 155mm towed howitzers (144)
Type 59 Chinese made 130mm towed guns (410)
Type 54 Chinese made 122mm towed howitzers (490)
M56 105mm towed howitzers (113)
M101 105mm towed howitzers (216)


Air Defense
HQ-2B surface-to-air missiles. Chinese made
HQ-9 surface-to-air missiles
Mistral surface-to-air missiles
RBS-70 surface-to-air missiles
FIM-92 Stinger shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
FIM-43 Redeye shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
SA-7 Grail shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
Anza Mk I Pakistani made shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
Anza Mk II Pakistani made shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
Anza Mk III Pakistani made shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
SPADA 2000 Italian made air defense system
Bofors RBS-23 air defense system
Bofors 40mm anti-aircraft guns
Oerlikon GDF-005 35mm twin anti-aircraft guns

Bakter Shikan anti-tank guided missiles (Pakistani made copy of the Chinese HJ-8)
BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missiles
BGM-71 TOW 2 anti-tank guided missiles
MILAN anti-tank guided missiles


RPG-29
RPG-7
Carl Gustav

Mark 19 grenade launchers


Type 54 12.7mm machine guns. License produced. Made in Pakistan. 
MG3 machine guns. License produced. Made in Pakistan. 

FN MAG machine guns
RPD machine guns
FN Minimi machine guns

M82A1 Barrett anti-material/sniper rifles

HK PSG1 sniper rifles
Steyr SSG 69 sniper rifles
Karabiner 98k sniper rifles
PSR 90 7.62x51mm sniper rifles
G3 assault rifles. License produced. Made in Pakistan. (standard issue)
Type 56 assault rifles
Stery AUG assault rifles
FN F2000 assault rifles
FN P90
HK MP-5
HK MP-5K
SMG-PK1
SMG-PK
Glock 17
Glock 26
HK P7
Tokarev

Army Aircraft
400 helicopters
Fixed wing aircraft

AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters (40)


IAR 330 utility helicopters (4)
SA.330 Puma utility helicopters (85)
Mi-17 transport helicopters (93)

Bell UH-1 Huey utility helicopters (45)
Bell 206 Jet Ranger utility helicopters (20)
Bell 412 utility helicopters (20)
Eurocopter AS.350 utility helicopters (10)
SA.316 Alouette III utility helicopters (10)
Harbin Y-12 utility helicopters (2)
Cessna Citation Bravo aircraft (2)
Aero Commander 840 aircraft (2)

Special Forces
Special Service Group (SSG)



Paramilitary Forces


Coast Guard

Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR)
Media wing of the Pakistani military 



Pakistani Intelligence
Inter Services Intelligence (ISI)


Intelligence Bureau of Pakistan
Handles internal intelligence

Military Intelligence of Pakistan (MI)
Includes Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine intelligence.



Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan has nuclear weapons.
Pakistan is not part of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

National Command Authority (NCA) is Pakistans strategic nuclear command
The Strategic Plans Division acts as a secretariat of the NCA.


Companies
Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF)
Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC)
National Development Complex (NDC)
Khan Research laboratories (KRL)
Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works 
Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT)
Global Industries Defence Solutions (GIDS)
National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM)
Global Industrial and Defence Solutions (GIDS)

Navy pictures



Army pictures




Pakistani Companies
Pakistan Ordnance Factory (POF)
Pakistan Machine Tool Factory (PMTF)





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