Sunday, May 26, 2013

Russia



Russia



Russia
Capital: Moscow




Historical
Napoleonic Wars
Crimean War
1904-1905 Russo Japanese War
1917-1920 Russian civil war
Soviet Union era
Russo Finnish War (Winter War)
World War 2
Invasion of Afghanistan
Collapse of the Soviet Union


First Chechen War 1994-1996
Second Chechen War 1999-2009
Russian Incursion into Georgia- 2008

1999 apartment bombings blamed on Chechen militants by the Russian government. Believed by some to have been done by elements within the Russian FSB as an excuse to invade Chechnya again.


Russian Space Program
Unmanned cargo spacecraft

Russian Military Forces

1,027,000 active duty personnel
754,000 reserve personnel
449,000 paramilitary forces



Strategic Missile Forces
Separate branch of the military

Ballistic Missiles
SS-18 Satan (R-36) Inner-Continental Ballistic Missiles. Silo launched.
SS-19 Stiletto (UR-100N) Inner-Continental Ballistic Missiles. Silo launched.
SS-24 Scalpel (RT-23) Inner-Continental Ballistic Missiles. Silo and Railroad launched.
SS-25 Sickle (RT-2PM Topol) Inner-Continental Ballistic Missiles. Road mobile launcher.

SS-27 Sickle B (RT-2UTTKh Topol M) Inner-Continental Ballistic Missiles. Road mobile or silo launched.
SS-29 (RS-24 or RT-24 Yars) Inner-Continental Ballistic Missiles. Road mobile or silo launched.

SS-1c Scud short range ballistic missiles (Retired from service?)
SS-21 Scarab short range ballistic missiles

SS-26 Stone (9K720 Iskander) short range ballistic missiles



SS-N-18 submarine launched ballistic missiles
SS-N-20 Sturgeon submarine launched ballistic missiles
SS-N-23 Skiff submarine launched ballistic missiles



Aerospace Defense Forces
Responsible for missile defense, missile early warning, and space surveillance. 
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system. Silo launched missiles.
Don-2N radars





Air Force
210,000 personnel

Sukhoi T-50 (PAK FA) stealth fighter aircraft (On order)


SU-35 fighter aircraft (15)

SU-30 fighter aircraft (195)

SU-27 fighter aircraft (363)

MiG-31 interceptor aircraft (147)

MiG-29 fighter aircraft (190)

MiG-25 interceptor/reconnaissance aircraft (39)


SU-34 fighter aircraft (15)

SU-25 ground attack aircraft (192)

SU-24 attack aircraft (315)


Tu-22 strategic bomber aircraft (93)

Tu-95 strategic bomber aircraft (64)

Tu-160 strategic bomber aircraft (16)

Yak-130 trainer aircraft (32)
Let L-39 trainer aircraft (336)

Transport Aircraft
Il-76 strategic transport aircraft (210)
An-12 transport aircraft (50)
An-22 strategic transport aircraft (6)
An-24 transport aircraft 
An-26  transport aircraft 
An-72 transport aircraft (39)
An-124 strategic transport aircraft (14)



Let L-410 aircraft used for VIP transport (8)
Il-62
Tu-134
Tu-154


Il-76 refueling aircraft

Airborne Early Warning and Maritime Patrol Aircraft
An-30
An-72
Il-76
Il-80

Il-20M (Il-18D-36 Bizon) radar reconnaissance aircraft. (20)

Technoavia Rysachok utility aircraft (On order?)


Helicopters
Ka-50 attack helicopters (8)

Ka-52 attack helicopters (35)




Mi-28 attack helicopters (72)


Mi-24 attack helicopters (375)



Mi-35 attack helicopters (16)

Ka-60 helicopters (On order)

Ka-28 utility helicopters (2)
Ka-29 utility helicopters (21)
Mi-2 light attack/transport helicopters (280)
Mi-6 heavy transport helicopters

Mi-8 medium transport helicopters (600)

Mi-17 medium transport helicopters
Mi-26 transport helicopters (48)

Ka-226 transport helicopters (10)

Kazan Ansat trainer helicopters (19)



Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Yakovlev Pchela
REIS-D
IAI Searcher
Skat UCAV (In development)

Air-to-Air Missiles
AA-2 Atoll (Vympel K-13)

AA-6 Acrid (R-40)

AA-7 Apex (Vympel R-23)
R-24 (Upgraded version of the R-23)
AA-8 Aphid (R-60)

AA-9 Amos (Vympel R-33)

AA-10 Alamo (Vympel R-27)

AA-11 Archer (Vympel R-73)

AA-11B Backfire
AA-12 Adder (Vympel R-77)





Air Defense

A-135 anti-ballistic missile system. Deployed around Moscow.

A-235 anti-ballistic missile system. Under development. Intended to replace the A-135.



S-500 Prometey (Prometheus) surface-to-air missile system. Still under development.

S-400 Triumf (SA-21 Growler) surface-to-air missile system.


S-350E Vityaz (Knight) medium ranged surface-to-air missile system. Designed to replace the S-300PS and S-300PT-1A in the Russian military.

S-300VM Antey-2500 (SA-23 Gladiator/Giant) anti-ballistic missile system




S-300PMU-2 Favorite (SA-20B Gargoyle)
S-300PMU-1 (SA-20A Gargoyle)

S-300V Antey-300 (SA-12 Gladiator)

Pantsir S-1 (SA-22 Greyhound)

SA-17 Grizzly (9K37M1-2 Buk-M1-2 and 9K317E Buk-M2E)

SA-15D Gauntlet (9K332 Tor-M2)

SA-15 Gauntlet (9K330 Tor M1)

SA-11 Gadfly (9K37 Buk)
SA-13 Gopher (9K35 Strela-10)
SA-8 Gecko (9K33 Osa)
SA-19 Grison (9K22 Tunguska) self propelled air defense system with 8 surface-to-air missiles and 2x30mm cannons.


9K333 Verba shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles


SA-24 Grinch (9K338 Igla-S) shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
SA-18 Grouse (9K38 Igla) shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
SA-16 Gimlet (9K310 Igla-1) shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles
SA-14 Gremlin (9K34 Strela-3) shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles

SA-7 Grail (9K32 Strela 2) shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles


Retired from service or used as aerial targets in Russia
SA-2 Guideline (S-75)- Mostly retired some missiles used for aerial targets in training.
SA-3 Goa (S-125)- Mostly retired some missiles used for aerial targets in training.
SA-4 Ganef (2K11 Krug)- Mostly retired some missiles used for aerial targets in training.
SA-5 Gammon (S-200)- Mostly phased out. One active battery?
SA-6 Gainful (2K12 Kub)- Mostly retired some missiles used for aerial targets in training. Replaced by the 9K37 Buk (SA-11 Gadfly)
SA-9 Gaskin (9K31 Strela-1)- Replaced by the SA-13 (9K35 Strela-10)













Navy
142,000 personnel (2007)
Russian Naval Ensign


Russian Naval Jack

Northern Fleet
Black Sea Fleet
Baltic Fleet
Pacific Fleet
Caspian Flotilla

Naval assets in the strategic Crimean Peninsula, including Sevastopol. The Crimean Peninsula was formerly part of the Ukraine until Neo-Nazis overthrew the democratically elected government in 2014. The people of the Crimean Peninsula had a referendum and became part of Russia.

Aircraft Carrier- Admiral Kuznetsov (1)

Heavy Rocket Cruiser (1)
Cruisers (4)



Destroyers (13)



Frigates (4)

Corvettes (74)



Ballistic Missile Submarines (11)
Cruise Missile Submarine (5)
Nuclear Attack Submarines (15)
Conventional Attack Submarines (17)
Mine Warfare vessels (34)

Missile Hovercraft, Bora Class (2)

Amphibious Hovercraft, Zubr Class (2)


Landing Ships (19)
Auxiliary vessels
Intelligence Ships
Merchant ships


The aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov is currently equipped with 14x Su-33 fighter aircraft, 4x Su-25 attack aircraft, and 17x Ka-27 helicopters. 28 MiG-29K are planned to replace the Su-33 aircraft after refit.

Polnochny class landing ships (6)
Ivan Rogov class landing ships (retired from service)

Ekranoplan, Lun Class (Retired from service)
Ground effect aircraft or sea skimming plane powered by eight jets engines. Armed with six SS-N-22 Sunburn (P-270 Moskit) anti-ship missiles.




Naval Aviation
Ka-27 helicopters



Ka-25 helicopters 


Kh-35 (AS-20 Kayak) air launched anti-ship missiles


Anti-ship missiles
3M-54 (SS-N-27 Sizzler)
P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26). The export version is called the Yakhont.
3M-14 (SS-N-30)

Klub-S submarine launched 
Klub-N ship launched
Klub-K missiles fired from launchers disguised as shipping containers.





3M-24 Uran (SS-N-25 Switchblade). Ship launched version of the Kh-35 anti-ship missile.
P-270 Moskit (SS-N-22 Sunburn)

P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) anti-ship missiles

P-500 Bazalt (SS-N-12 Sandbox) anti-ship missiles

P-120 Malakhit (SS-N-9 Siren) anti-ship missiles

P-15 Termit (SS-N-2 Styx)

Anti-Ship Missiles Retired from Russian Service:
P-5 Pyatyorka (SS-N-3C Shaddock)
SS-N-3 Sepal
SSC-1a Shaddock

Coastal Defense
BAL E (SSC-6) coastal launched anti-ship missiles. Ground launched version of the Kh-35 missile.
K-300P Bastion-P (SSC-5)- Uses the P-800 Yakhont (SS-N-26) missile
4K51 Rubezh (SSC-3 Styx)

SPU-35B (SSC-1 Sepal)

A222 Bereg self propelled 130mm coastal defense guns


DP-62 Damba anti-saboteur multiple rocket launchers. Used to protect the entrance of naval bases and harbors from enemy midget submarines and frogmen. BM-21PD rocket launcher. 122mm PRS-60 rockets.


Anti-Submarine weapons RPK-2 Viyuga (SS-N-15 Starfish) anti-submarine missiles. Launched from 533mm torpedo tubes.
Metel series of anti-submarine missiles (SS-N-14 Silex)
RBU-12000 254mm anti-submarine rocket launchers
RBU-6000 213mm anti-submarine rocket launchers.
RBU-1000 300mm anti-submarine rocket launchers with RGB-10 rockets

Torpedoes
Type 53 torpedoes 


Naval Guns
AK-130 130mm guns
AK-726 twin 76mm guns
AK-176 76mm guns

AK-257 57mm guns
AK-230 twin 30mm guns


Close In Weapon Systems (CIWS)
Kashtan gun/missile system with 9M311 surface-to-air missile 30mm. The missiles used on the Kashtan are the same type used on the Tunguska air defense system.

AK-630 six barrel 30mm rotary cannons


Anti-Saboteur weapons
DP-65 anti-saboteur grenade launchers



DP-64 anti-saboteur grenade launchers

DP-61 anti-saboteur grenade launchers


Special Forces
Spetsnaz

Combat Divers

ADS amphibious rifle- Bullpup 5.45x39mm  rifle that can fire on ground or underwater. Currently being tested.

APS underwater rifle that fires steel darts instead of bullets.

SPP-1 underwater pistol. Fires special 4.5x40mm rounds. Four rounds. Breech loaded.


Beriev Be-12 Chayka (“Seagull”) amphibious aircraft used for maritime patrol. NATO code name "Mail".



Naval Infantry
Black beret
The Black Death”








Each Russian Navy fleet is assigned naval infantry units.


T-80 (amphibious version)
PT-76 light amphibious ranks
BTR-80 armored personnel carriers
BTR-60 armored personnel carriers
MT-LB armored personnel carriers

BRDM-2 armored reconnaissance vehicles

PTS tracked amphibious vehicles




AK-74 assault rifles
AKS-74










Army
360,000 active duty personnel

T-14 Armata tank with 125mm gun. Uses the Armata Universal Combat Platform. Will feature an automated unmanned turret. Under development.

T-90 tanks

T-80 tanks

T-72 tanks
PT-76 light amphibious tanks
BMPT armored fighting vehicles with 2x30mm cannons, 2x30mm grenade launchers, 4x anti-tank missile launchers and a 7.62 machine gun. The chassis is based on the T-72 tank. Nicknamed the "Terminator".

T-15 Armata Infantry Fighting Vehicle. Uses the Armata Universal Combat Platform. Bumerang-BM remote controlled weapon station. Equipped with a 30mm automatic cannon, four 9M133 Kornet EM anti-tank guided missiles and a 7.62x54mm machine gun. Under development.


Kurganets 25 modular tracked armored vehicle. Infantry Fighting Vehicle and Armored Personnel Carriers variants. Under development.
Kurganets 25 Infantry Fighting Vehicle featuring the Bumerang remote controlled weapon station.

Kurganets 25 Armored Personnel Carrier


BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles with 100mm guns and 30mm automatic cannon.


BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles with 30mm automatic cannon.
BTR-82 armored personnel carreirs

BTR-80 armored personnel carriers

BTR-70 armored personnel carriers
BTR-60 armored personnel carriers

Bumerang (Boomerang) Modular 8x8 wheeled armored personnel carriers.Uses the Bumerang-BM remote controlled weapon station.Under development. 

KAMAZ 63968 Tayfun ("Typhoon") armored personnel carriers


BRDM-2 armored reconnaissance vehicles

GAZ-2330 Tigr 4x4 wheeled utility vehicle



Uran 9 unmanned ground vehicle. Armed with a 30mm gun and four 9M120 Ataka (AT-9 Spiral 2) anti-tank missiles

Arbalet remote weapon station









Artillery
9A52-4 Tornado 300mm multiple rocket launchers. 6 tubes.
BM-30 Smerch (9A52-2) 300mm multiple rocket launchers. 12 tubes.

BM-27 Uragan ("Hurricane")- 220mm multiple rocket launchers. 16 tubes.

BM-21- 122mm multiple rocket launchers.


TOS-1 thermobaric multiple rocket launchers


2S35 Koalitsiya self propelled 152mm howitzer. Under development.

2S19 MSTA-S self propelled 152mm howitzer
2S5 Giatsint-S self propelled 152mm howitzers (399)

2S3 Akatsiya self propelled 152mm howitzers (931)

2S1 Gvozdika self propelled 122mm howitzers (622)

Towed Artillery
2A45 towed
MT-12 towed


Mortars
2S9 Nona-S 120mm self propelled mortars. Uses the BTR-D tracked chassis.

2S23 Nona-SVK 120mm self propelled mortars. Uses the BTR-80 wheeled chassis.

2S12 Sani 120mm mortar

2B14-1 82mm mortar

GRAN 120mm guided mortar munitions. Capable of top attack and armor penetration.





Anti-Tank Guided Missiles
9K121 Vikhr (AT-16 Scallion)

9M123 Khrizantema (AT-15 Springer)
9P157-2 Khrizantema S anti-tank missile carrier (BMP-3 chassis with Khrizantema launchers)


9M133 Kornet (AT-14 Spriggan)

9K115-2 Metis-M (AT-13 Saxhorn-2)

9K118 Sheksna (AT-12 Swinger) Fired from the 115mm gun of the T-62 tank.
9M119 Svir and 9M119M Refleks (AT-11 Sniper). Fired from 125mm guns.

9K116-1 Bastion (AT-10 Stabber). Fired from 100mm barrel of the 2A19 (T-12) gun.

9M120 Ataka-V (AT-9 Spiral-2)


9K112 Kobra (AT-8 Songster). Fired from the 125mm gun of the T-80 or T-64 tank.

9K115 Metis (AT-7 Saxhorn)
9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral)
9P149 Shturm-S anti-tank missile carrier (MT-LB with Shturm anti-tank missiles)


9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel)
9P148 (BRDM-2 with Konkurs anti-tank missiles)

Kornet D anti-tank guided missiles system based on the GAZ Tigr 4x4

9K111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot)
9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger)
3M11 Falanga (AT-2 Swatter)
9P133 (BRDM-2 with Malyutka anti-tank missiles)

Krasnopol anti-tank laser guided projectile. Fired from 152mm or 155mm guns.



Shoulder fired anti-tank rocket launchers
RPG-32 Hashim- Reusable launcher. Named after the ruling Hashimite dynasty in Jordan. Joint Russian and Jordanian development. Fires a 105mm rocket.

RPG-30- Side by side rocket launcher designed to deal with explosive reactive armor and protective systems. Fires a small precursor rocket and a PG-30 105mm tandem main rocket.

RPG-29
TBG-29-Thermobaric round for the RPG-29
PG-29V -105mm tandem round for the RPG-29. 750mm penetration.

RPG-28

RPG-27- Single shot. Disposable. Developed from the RPG-26. Fires a tandem HEAT rocket. 750mm of armor penetration.

RShG-1
Single shot. Disposable. Basically a RPG-27 that fires a thermobaric rocket.

RPG-26- Single shot. Disposable. Developed from the RPG-22. 440mm of armor penetration.

RShG-2
Single shot. Disposable. Basically a RPG-26 with a thermobaric rocket. A little heavier than a RPG-26.

RPG-16
Improved version of the RPG-7. 800m range. 300mm penetration.
PG-16 rockets

PG-16V rockets

RPG-7

PG-7 85mm rockets
PG-7G 85mm rockets
PG-7VR tandem rockets
PG-7VL 93mm rockets
PG-7M 70mm rockets
PG-7S 70mm rockets
OG-7V 40mm rockets
GTB-7G Thermobaric rockets
OG-7V 40mm rockets

OG-7VE anti-personnel rockets

RPG-22- Single shot. Disposable. Developed from the RPG-18. 250m range. 400mm of armor penetration.

RPG-18 Mukha” ("Fly")Russian copy of the M-72 LAW. Single shot. Disposable.
PG-18 64mm rocket. 200m range. 375mm of armor penetration.


RPG-2 (No longer in service in Russia)
PG-2 rockets



RPO-A Shmel thermobaric rocket launcher



BUR light weight 62mm grenade launcher with disposable launch tubes.





AGS-30 30mm automatic grenade launcher.

AGS-17 Playma 30mm automatic grenade launchers.

GP-30 under barrel 40mm grenade launchers.
GP-25 under barrel 40mm grenade launchers.

RKG-3 anti-tank grenades
F-1 hand grenades
RGD-5 hand grenades

KSVK 12.7x108mm anti-material/sniper rifles.

VKS/ VSSK 12.7x54mm silenced sniper rifle. Fires a subsonic 12.7mm round.

Dragunov SVD sniper rifle. 7.62x54mm

VSK-94 silenced 9x39mm sniper rifle. Used by special police units..

VSS Vintorez 9x39mm silenced sniper rifle


NSV heavy machine gun. 12.7x108mm
DShK heavy machine gun. 12.7x108mm
PK machine guns. 7.62x54mm
RPK-74 machine guns. 5.45x39mm

AK-74M assault rifles. 5.45x39mm (Standard)

AKS-74 folding stock version of the AK-74
AKS-74U folding stock carbine version of the AK-74

AKM assault rifles. 7.62x39mm
AK-12 assault rifles. Mostly 5.45x39mm

AK-105 assault rifles. 5.45x39mm
AK-103 assault rifles. 7.62x39mm.

AK-104- Shortened carbine version of the AK-103
AK-101 assault rifles. 5.56x45mm NATO. Designed for export.
AK-102- Shortened carbine version of the AK-101. 5.56x45mm NATO. Designed for export.
A-91 bullpup assault rifles
AS "Val" 9x39mm suppressed assault rifles

KS-23 shotgun
Karabin Spetsialniy. (Special Carbine)
23x75mm pump action shotgun. Called a carbine by the Russians.

OTs-02 Kiparis 9x18mm Makarov sub-machine guns (Used by some Russian police forces)

PP-2000 sub-machine guns (Used by some MVD and Russian police forces)

PP-91 KEDR 9x18mm Makarov sub-machine guns. (Used by some Russian police forces)

PP-90 folding sub-machine guns. 9x18mm Makarov. The PP-90M is the select fire variant of the PP-90 (Used by some MVD units)

PP-90M1 sub-machine guns with Helical magazines.


PP-19 Bizon sub-machine guns with Helical magazine (Used by some FSB and special units)

9A-91 carbines (Used by Russian police forces)

Stechkin automatic pistol. In 9x18mm Makarov or 9x19mm Parabellum

Makarov PM pistols. 9x18mm Makarov
GSh-18 9mm pistols. Designed to replace the Makarov pistol. Can penetrate Level III body armor 8mm of steel plate. Fires 9x19mm Parabellum, 9x19mm 7N21+P+, and 9x19mm 7N31+P+ ammunition.

PSM compact pistol. Fires a 5.45x18mm round. 8 round magazine.

PSS (6P28) silent pistol. Fires a 7.62x42mm SP-4 round. 6 round magazine.

Tokarev TT33 pistol. Fires 7.62x25mm Tokarev rounds.



Saiga 12 shotguns. Russian made AK style 12 gauge shotguns.


ASh-12 12.7x55mm assault rifle (under development)

Russian Army Air Defense
2S6M Tunguska self propelled air defense system
9K331M Tor M1 (SA-15 Gauntlet)
9K35M3 Strela-10M3 (SA-13 Gopher)
9K33 Osa (SA-8 Gecko)



Reconnaissance or Scouts



NRS-2
Special Scout Knife. Special survival knife with built in device that fires a single 7.62x42mm SP-3 round. The SP-3 is similar to the SP-4 round used in the PSS silent pistol. The NRS-2 is used by reconnaissance and Spetsnaz units.


Prefabricated Structures

Gorchak Universal Pillbox
Armored firing post lowered into the ground. A weapons mount can be raised or lowered. The mount may be armed with PK machine gun, AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher, and anti-tank missile launcher.



UEPI-1 Firing Foxhole
Prefabricated structure meant to conceal an anti-tank guided missile team, a heavy machine gun team, or observation team.

KVS series of prefabricated corrugated steel structures.

KVS-A
Can be installed on the ground or buried.


KVS-AM


KVS-U


LCS-3
Basically a large cloth covered spring used for shelter.



Special Forces
Spetsnaz




воздушно-десантные войска (вдв)
VDV Airborne Assault
Vozdushno Desantnye Voyska (Air Landing Force)
About 35,000 personnel
Considered a separate branch of the Russian military.
Wear light blue berets



T-72B3 tanks

2S25 Sprut tank killers with 125mm guns. Chassis based on the BMD-3. (24)
BMD-4 airborne infantry fighting vehicles with 100mm gun and 30mm automatic cannon.

BMD-3 infantry fighting vehicles with 30mm automatic cannon.

BMD-2 airborne infantry fighting vehicles
BMD-1 airborne infantry fighting vehicles
BTR-D airborne armored personnel carriers
BTR-MD Rakushka airborne armored personnel carriers



9K38 Igla (SA-18 Grouse)
9K338 Igla-S (SA-24 Grinch)
ZU-23-2 twin barrel 23mm anti-aircraft guns. Towed or vehicle mounted.


Zauralets D 120mm self propelled gun/mortar



D-30 towed 122mm howitzer

2S9 self propelled 120mm mortars
2B14 82mm mortars
M-37 82mm mortars

9K111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot)
9K115 Metis (AT-7 Saxhorn)

RPO-A Shmel flame rocket launcher
RPG-7 anti-tank rocket launcher
RPG-22 anti-tank rocket launcher

AGS-17 30mm automatic grenade launcher
GP 25 under barrel 40mm grenade launchers
GP 30 under barrel 40mm grenade launchers
PKM machine guns
6P41 machine guns
RPK-74 light machine guns
Dragunov SVD sniper rifles
AK-74 assault rifles

Spetsnaz


Border Guard Service
Since 2003, the Russian Border Guard Service falls under the FSB
The Border Guard during the Soviet era fell under the NKVD and its predecessor, the KGB.
Maritime vessels and aircraft.
Wear green berets


Ensign of Russian Border Guard

BPM-97 Vystrel (KAMAZ 43269) armored personnel carriers











Ministry of Internal Affairs
Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD)

Internal Troops- Around 182,000 personnel
Vnutrenniye Voiska (VV)
Fall under the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD)


BMP-2
BTR-90
BTR-80
BTR-70
BRDM-2
BPM-97
GAZ 3937 and GAZ39371 Vodnik

GAZ 2330 Tigr
UAZ 469
Ural 4320 trucks

ODON
Special rapid deployment division within the Internal Troops
Vityaz ("Knight") Spetsnaz unit within the ODON.




Police (Politsiya)
Fall under the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD)

OMON
Special police unit under the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD)
Conduct counter-terrorism operations, riot control, etc.








Ministry of Justice

Federal Service for Punishment and Execution (FSIN)
Under the Ministry of Justice

OSN Saturn 
Special unit within the FSIN. Also called 'jail Spetsnaz"
Conduct counter-terrorism, prevent jail breaks, suppression of riots, hostage situations, etc.





Ministry of Emergency Situations 







Intelligence
Federal Security Service (FSB)
Russian intelligence service responsible for counter-intelligence, border security, and counter-terrorism. 
Preceded by the KGB and NKVD during the Soviet era.


FSB Spetsnaz
Vympel (Directorate V) - Elite Special Operations and anti-terrorist unit within the FSB.
Alpha Group (Directorate A)- Elite Special Forces anti-terrorist group within the FSB.










Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR)
Russian intelligence service responsible for foreign intelligence gathering.
Preceded by the KGB (First Chief Directorate) and NKVD during the Soviet era.






Glavnoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravleniye (GRU)
Main Intelligence Directorate 



Spetsnaz GRU 
Special Forces belonging to the Military Intelligence Directorate 

Federal Protective Service (FSO)
Agency charged with protecting government officials.

Special Communications Service
Charged with electronic eavesdropping.
Under the Federal Protective Service (FSO)




Cossacks
Around 400,000 Cossacks reportedly in Russia. Some conduct unarmed patrols in Moscow and other cities.



Companies
Sukhoi
Mikoyan
Kamov
Ilyushin
Tupolev
Mil
KBP
Almaz-Antey
UAZ
GAZ
Rosoboronexport


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