Sunday, May 26, 2013

Brazil





Brazil


Brazil
Capital: Brasilia
Largest city: Sao Paulo
Other cities: Rio de Janeiro



From 1549-1793 the capital of Brazil was a city named Salvador.

The capital was chaged to Rio de Jaeiro from 1793-1960.

In 1808, the Portuguese monarchy fled to Brazil after Napoleon invaded Portugal.

The King of Portugal returns in 1821. His son stays in Portugal to rule.

Brazil declared independence from Portugal on September 7th, 1822

The capital was again changed, after it was decided that Rio de Jaeiro was too crowded and too close to the coastline. The builders wanted to build a more modern looking city further inland, in case of the threat of invasion, so the new capital of Brasilia was built. Brasilia has been the capital of Brazil since 1960.

Brazil uses nuclear power plants.

Started a nuclear weapons program but discontinued it after international pressure, mostly from the U.S.

Brazil has signed an agreement for the procurement of 18 Pantsir-S1 air defense systems from Russia.

Approximately 327,710 active duty military personnel
1,340,000 reserve personnel?


Air Force
Forca Aerea Brasileira (FAB)
Largest Air Force in South America
Around 73,500 personnel with 768 aircraft


Mirage 2000 (F-2000) fighter aircraft (12)

AMX (A-1) fighter/bomber aircraft. Joint project between Brazil and Italy. (53)

F-5 Tiger II fighter aircraft (57)

EMB 314 (A-29/AT-29) Super Tucano trainer/light attack aircraft (99)

EMB 312 (A-27/AT-27) Tucano trainer/light attack aircraft (105)

EMB-326 (AT-26) Xavante trainer/light attack aircraft. License built Aermacchi MB-326.

EMB-110 Bandeirante (C-95) light transport aircraft.

EMB-120 Brasilia (C-97) light transport/utility aircraft.(15)

EMB-111 Patrulha (P-95) maritime patrol aircraft

P-99 maritime patrol aircraft. Military version of the EMB-145 used for maritime patrol.
P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft
E-99 AEW&C aircraft. Military verison of the EMB-145. Equipped with Erieye radar.
R-99 remote sensor aircraft. Military version of the EMB-145 equipped with remote sensors.

C-99 light transport aircraft. Military version of the EMB-145.
R-95 aircraft used for reconnaisance/aerial photography. Military version of the EMB-145.
KC-137 transport/tanker aircraft
Learjet 35 (R-35) light transport aircraft
C-130 transport aircraft
DHC-5 Buffalo (C-115) transport aircraft
C-295 (C-105 Amazonas) transport aircraft
EMB E-190 transport aircraft
Boeing 707-300 (KC-137) jet airliner
Cessna 208 Caravan (C-98) utility aircraft
Neiva L-42 Regente utility aircraft. Brazilian made. (Still operated?)


Mi-35 Hind (AH-2 Sabre) attack helicopters

UH-1 helicopters
AS.332 Super Puma (CH-34/VH-34) helicopters
UH-60 Blach Hawk helicopters
Helibras HB-350 (CH-50/VH-50) Esquilo training helicopters (Brazilian made copy of the AS.350)
Helibras HB-355 (CH-55/VH-55) Esquilo utility helicopters

Avibras Falcao unmanned aerial vehicles (Brazilain made)

Elbit Hermes 450 unmanned aerial vehicles


Brazilian Air Force Weapons
An air launched version of the AVMT-300 cruise missile is still under development.
A-Darter air-to-air missile under development. Joint project between Brazil and South Africa.

MAR-1 anti-radiation missiles. Some sold to Pakistan.

MAA-1 Piranha air-to-air missiles. Made by Mectron.

MAA-1B air-to-air missiles. Made by Mectron.

Derby air-to-air missiles
Python-3 air-to-air missiles
Python-4 air-to-air missiles
R550 Magic air-to-air missiles
Super 530 air-to-air missiles
BLG-120 cluster bombs. Brazilian made.
BLG-252 cluster bombs. Brazilian made.
BINC-300 inendiary bombs. Brazilian made.
Elbit Lizard Laser guided bombs
SMKB-82 GPS (AKAUAN?) guided bombs?
SMKB-83 GPS (AKAUAN?) guided bombs?

BAPI GPS guided anti-runway bombs?
Mark 81 bombs
Mark 82 bombs
Mark 83 bombs
Mark 84 bombs
AGM-84 Harpoon air launched anti-ship missiles
9M120 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles for Mi-35 attack helicopters


Intergrated Airspace Command and Control
The integration of military air defense and civilian air traffic control. is done by initiating the Comissao de Implantacao do Sistema de Controle do Espaco Aereo (CISCEA) or Commision for Air Space Control Implementation. This program is part of the Departumento de Controle do Espaco Aereo (DECEA) or Department of Aerospace Control The DECEA itself is a part of the Brazialian Air Force.
DACTA I- Uses LP-23M long range surveillance radars and RS-870 SSR
DACTA II- TRS 2230 three dimensional radars and more RS-870 added for greater coverage.
DACTA III- Coverage extended even further
Amazonia- Added two regional control centers with LP-23M surveillance radars and RS-870 SSRs



Navy
Marinha do Brasil
Largest navy in South America with 48,000 personnel and 89 ships
94 aircraft (mostly helicopters)


Aircraft Carrier
The NAe Sao Paulo is a former French aircraft carrier the FS Foch. Uses A-4 Skyhawk carrier based aircraft.


Corvettes (5) Brazilian made
Frigates (9)
Submarines (5)

Landing Ship, Tank (3)
Landing Ship, Dock (2)
Mine warfare vessels (6)
Patrol Boats
Auxiliary ships

A-4 Skyhawk (AF-1) aircraft used aboard aircraft carrier (23)

EMB-111 aircraft used for maritime patrol. The EMB-111 is a maritime patrol variant of the EMB-110 Bandeirante.
SH-3 Sea King helicopters
Super Lynx helicopters with Sea Skua missiles
SH-60 Sea Hawk helicopters
AS.332 helicopters
AS.532 helicopters
EC725 helicopters
AS.350 helicopters
AS.356 helicopters


MM40 Exocet anti-ship missiles on Niteroi Class frigates
AV-RE40 anti-ship missiles. Modernized MM40 Exocet missiles. Made by Avibras and Mectron.

Sea Skua anti-ship missiles
Harpoon anti-ship missiles on Type 22 Class frigates?

Brazil wants to create nuclear powered submarines
The A4 Skyhawks are to be modernized.

Grupamento de Mergulhadores de Combate (GRUMEC)
Combat divers








Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais (CFN)
Marines
14,600 personnel




SK 105 light tanks (17)
AAV-7 amphibious assault vehicles (26)
MOWAG Piranha III 8x8 wheeled armored personnel carriers (30)
M113 armored personnel carriers (29)

Bandvagn 206 with Swedish made Giraffe radar (1)
Marrua utility vehicles. Brazilian made. (29)
Land Rover Defender

ASTROS II multiple rocket launchers


M114 towed 155mm howitzers (6)
M777 towed 155mm howitzers
L118 towed 105mm light guns (18)

K-643 120mm mortars
M29 81mm mortars
Brandt 60mm mortars

Mistral surface-to-air missiles?
Bofors 40mm anti-aircraft guns (6)

MSS-1.2 anti-tank guided missiles. Brazilian made. Made by Mectron.

BILL anti-tank guided missiles. Swedish made.
ALAC anti-tank rocket launchers. Arma Lere Anti Carro. Brazilian made.

AT-4 anti-tank rocket launchers. Swedish made.

Parker Hale M85 sniper rifles
FN MAG machinje guns
FN Minimi machine guns
M16 assault rifles
M4 carbines
Taurus PT92 pistols

Carcara unmanned aerial vehicles. Made by Santos Lab of Brazil.










Brazilian Army
Exercito Brasileiro
190,000 active duty personnel
82 aircraft


Military Commands and Headquarters
Amazon Military Command- Headquarters at Manaus
East Military Command- Headquarters at Rio de Janeiro
North East Military Command- Headquarters at Recife
Paleau Military Command- Headquarters at Brasilia
South Military Command- Headquarters at Alegre
South East Military Command- Headquarters at Sao Paulo
West Military Command- Headquarters at Campo Grande


(CIGS)- Jungle Warfare Training Center
Military College- Students wear red beret

Forca de Acao Rapida (FAR)- Rapid Action Force
The Strategic Rapid Action Force (FAR) consists of the Special Operations Brigade (BOE), the Airborne Infantry Brigade, 1st Jungle Battalion, and the 12th Light Infantry Brigade. Also includes the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Army Aviation Battalions for support.

Brigada de Operacoes Especiais (BOE)
Special Operations Brigade
The BOE also includes the 1st Psychological Operations Battalion
Dark brown beret


Brigada de Infantaria Paraquedista
Airborne Infantry Brigade- Maroon beret


12 Brigada de Infantaria Leve (Aeromovel)- 12th Light Infantry Brigade (Airmobile)
Air Assault
Tan beret


Five Jungle Infantry brigades
1 Brigada de Infantaria de Selva- 1st Jungle Infantry Brigade
Includes the 1 Batalhao de Infantaria de Selva (Aeromovel)-1st Jungle Battalion (Airmobile)

2 Brigada de Infantaria de Selva- 2nd Jungle Infantry Brigade
16 Brigada de Infantaria de Selva- 16th Jungle Infantry Brigade
17 Brigada de Infantaria de Selva- 17th Jungle Infantry Brigade
23 Brigada de Infantaria de Selva- 23rd Jungle Infantry Brigade



Mountain Infantry Battalion
11 Batalhao de Infantaria de Montanha
Grey beret


Frontier brigade
72 Batalhao de Infantaria Motorizado- 72nd Motorized Infantry Battalion
Operate in the Caatinga and Savanna areas.


Most regular army units wear green berets.


Leopard 1 tanks (378)

M-60 tanks (91)
M-41 light tanks

AV-VB4 RE GUARA 4x4 wheeled armored vehicles (Brazilian made)
VBTP-MR VBCI GUARANI 6x6 wheeled armored personnel carriers with 30mm cannons. To eventually replace the EE-9 and EE-11 (Brazilian made)


EE-9 Cascavel armored vehicles (Brazilian made)

EE-11 Urutu armored personnel carriers (Brazilian made)


M113 armored personnel carriers

Marrua (Wild Bull) 4x4 wheeled utility vehicles. Made by Agrale of Brazil.


VLEGA Gaucho utility vehicles
Vehiculo Ligero de Empleos Generales Aerotransportable. Jointly developed between Brazil and Argentina.


EE-15 trucks (Brazilian made)
EE-25 trucks (Brazilian made)

EE-50 trucks (Brazilian made)

Army Aviation
AS.550 helicopters used in scout/attack role
AS.565 Panther helicopters used in transport/attack role

UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters
Helibras HB 350 Esquilo (Brazilian made copy of the AS.350) helicopters used in a utility/attack role

Carcara unmanned aerial vehicles
Carcara II unmanned aerial vehilces



ASTROS II (20) with 127mm, 180mm, and 300mm rockets

AV-SS 12/36 (100+) with 12/36mm rockets or 70mm (2.75") Skyfire 70 rockets. Made by Avibras.
AV-LM 12/36?


ASTROS Hawk (60) with 70mm rockets. On highly mobile 4x4 wheeled vehicle. Meant to support light infantry units.


AVMT-300 cruise missiles with 300km range. Fired from the ASTROS II multiple rocket launcher vehicle.


M-109 self propelled 155mm howitzers

M-114 towed 155mm howitzers (92)
M-777 towed 155mm howitzers
Oto Melara Model 56 towed 105mm howitzers (72)
M-101 towed 105mm howitzers (320)
L118 towed 105mm howitzers (36)


RBS-70 surface-to-air missiles
SA-24 shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles

SA-18 shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles

Gepard self propelled anti-aircraft guns (36 to be delivered)
Oerlikon 35mm towed anti-aircraft guns (38)
Bofors L/70 towed anti-aircraft guns (24)
Bofors L/60 towed anti-aircraft guns (103)
Roland surface-to-air missiles (retired in 2001)

FOG-MPM (Fiber Optic Guided Multi Purpose Missile) under development

M2 RAIADO 120mm mortars (Brazilian made)
M30 107mm mortars
M936 AGR 81mm mortars (Brazilian made)
British made RO 81mm mortars
M949 AGR 60mm mortars (Brazilian made)
Brandt 60 French made 60mm mortars


MILAN anti-tank guided missiles
Eryx anti-tank guided missiles
M-40 106mm recoilless guns
AT-4 anti-tank rocket launchers
Carl Gustav 84mm anti-tank rocket launchers
Mectron MSS-1.2- Brazilian made anti-tank guided missiles
ALAC- Brazilian made 84mm disposable light anti-tank rocket launchers.

Milkor MGL multiple grenade launches.

Barrett M82A1 sniper/anti-material rifle
PSG1 sniper rifles
ACGL 7.62x51mm sniper rifle.
M2HB .50 cal machhine guns
FN MAG machine guns
M964 FAP light machine gun (Brazilian license built Squad Automatic Weapon)
M964 assault rifle (Brazilian license built FN FAL rifle)
M964A1 (Brazilian license built FN Para)
M-4 carbine
IMBEL IA-2 rifles and carbines. Developed in Brazil. Currently under evaluation.

Policia do Exercito (PE)- Army Police



Batalhao de Operacaos Policiais Especiais (BOPE)
Battalion of Police Special Operations belonging to the Military Police





COE
Special unit belonging to the Military Police




River patrols
Colombian made LPR-40 boats

Watercat M8 boats









Policia Federal (Federal Police)

COT
Special Operations unit belonging to the Federal Police


GPI
Special unit of Federal Police
There are GPI units in every state.



Policia Civil (Civil Police)

Coordenadoria de Recursos Especiais (CORE)
Special Police Operations unit in Rio De Janeiro state



TIGRE
Special Police Operations unit in Parana state


GATE
Special Police Operations unit in Minas Gerais state

DOE

GOE
Special Police Operations unit in Sao Paulo state


GOT
Special Police Operations unit in Espirito Santo state



Intelligence
Agencia Brasileira de Inteligencia (ABIN)- Brazilian Intelligence Agency

Army Intelligence
Navy Intelligence
Air Force Intelligence


Companies
EMBRAER- Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica 
ENGESA- Engenheiros Especializados
Avibras
Helibras
IMBEL- Industria de Material Belico do Brasil. Owned by the Brazilian army.
Mectron
Forjas Taurus (or Taurus)
Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos (CBC)
Agrale
Arsenal de Marinha do Rio de Janeiro (AMRJ)- Shipbuilding and ship repair branch of the Brazilian navy.




pictures






4 comments:

  1. Brazil's largest city is São Paulo, not Rio de Janeiro.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Ansar - fantastic blog. Do you know any good sources for information on satellite / space programs for Government / Military in each of the countries you've covered? I'm doing a research report on the same and would appreciate any help here.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sorry for the late response, but no, I don't have any one source for all satellite and space program information. I often frequent the site: http://www.militar.org.ua/foro/fuerzas-armadas-de-latinoamerica.html which has a lot of information on the military forces of Latin American nations. It also has occasional information on satellites, space programs, new indigenous weapon programs, etc. Very informative, but its in Spanish. Any nation outside of Latin America involving space programs, etc. and I would have to dig a bit deeper. You can probably type in "Space program" or "satellite" in the language of the nation that you're studying and that nations name in a search engine. Say "Space program Russia" in Cyrillic for example. Good hunting.

      Delete