Sunday, May 26, 2013

East Timor (Timor Leste)




East Timor (Timor Leste)


East Timor (Timor Leste)
Capital: Dili
East Timor has a predominately Roman Catholic population, while Indonesia is predominately muslim.




Historical
Captured by the Portuguese in the 1500's. Called Portuguese Timor. The people of East Timor declared independence in 1975, but were invaded by Indonesia nine days after declaring independence . After years of fighting between FALINTIL guerrillas and Indonesian soldiers and militia, the United Nations intervened in 1999. The U.N. backed INTERFET or International Force for East Timor began to arrive soon after. INTERFET was composed mostly of soldiers from Australia, who sent 5,500 troops, and New Zealand, who sent around 1,100 troops.
Officially achieved independence from Indonesia on May 20, 2002.

FRETILIN
Frente Revolutionaria de Timor-Leste Independente or Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor
Leftest political party created in 1974. FALINTIL was the armed wing.

FALINTIL Forcas Defensa de Timor Leste
Xanana Gusmao was a FALINTIL guerrilla commander and the first president of independent East Timor.
FALINTIL fighters began to set up military camps in the interior of the country. Used mostly weapons left over by the Portuguese. Eventually began to capture some weapons from Indonesian forces.



Forcas de Defesa de Timor Leste (F-FDTL)
Around 1,350 personnel

Former Forcas Armadas de Libertacao de Timor Leste, or FALINTIL guerrillas who fought Indonesian government forces and Indonesian militias formed the original F-FDTL forces upon independence in 1999.

2006 protests in the military over discrimination led to around half the force being fired.

Land Component
Around 1,300 personnel
Most weapons have been donated by other nations
M203 under barrel grenade launchers
M2 Browning .50 cal machine guns
FN Minimi machine guns
sniper rifles
M-16 assault rifles
G3 assault rifles
M1911 pistols

Maritime Component
Albatroz Class patrol boats donated by Portugal (2)
Armed with 20mm Oerlikon cannons and two 12.7mm machine guns.

South Korean Chamsuri Class patrol boats (3)

Jaco Class patrol boats. Chinese made export version of the Type 062 (Shanghai II) class gunboat. (2)







Policia Nacional de Timor Leste (PNTL)
Approximately 3,000 personnel
The PNTL Special Police Unit (Unidade Especial de Policia) consists of:
BOP- Batalhao de Ordem Publica (Public Order Battalion)

CSP- Companhia de Seguranca Pessoal (Close Protection Company)
COE- Companhia de Operacoes Especiais (Special Operations Company)

Steyr AUG
HK33
FNC
F2000

pistols

F-FDTL pictures









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