Sunday, May 26, 2013



Capital: Jakarta

Recent History
Controlled by the Dutch as the “Dutch East Indies” until Indonesia was captured by the Japanese. After the Japanese surrender, Indonesia declared independence in September of 1945. The Dutch were still trying to recover from years of German occupation, so the British sent troops to occupy Indonesia until the Dutch could arrive. The Indonesians resisted them. Dutch troops began to arrive in October of 1945 and British troops began to withdraw. The Dutch and Indonesian people fought until 1949, when Indonesia achieved full independence. The Dutch lost 25,000 people and the Indonesians lost 80,000 people.

East Timor
FALINTIL guerrillas fought against Indonesian forces for the independence of East Timor. East Timor gained independence in 2002.

Conflict in the Aceh province against Free Aceh Movement (GAM) separatist forces.
After the 2004 Tsunami the government of Indonesia and the GAM have peace accords.

Lembanga Penerbangan dan Atariksa Nasional (LAPAN)- National Institute of Aeronautics and Space
LAPAN-A1 satellite
LAPAN-A2 satellite
Lapan micro satellite launch vehicle

Air Force
Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udora (TNI-AU)
Approximately 27,000 personnel

SU-30 fighter aircraft (11)

SU-27 fighter aircraft (5)
F-16 fighter aircraft (10)
F-5E Tiger II fighter aircraft (10)
KAI T-50 Golden Eagle advanced trainer/light attack aircraft (15)
A-4 Skyhawk (2)
BAe Hawk Mk.209 trainer/light attack aircraft (32)
BAe Hawk 109 trainer/light attack aircraft (8)
BAe Hawk 53 trainer/light attack aircraft (2)
EMB 314 Super Tucano trainer/light attack aircraft
Boeing 737 aircraft (1)
C-130 transport aircraft (36)
DHC-5D transport aircraft (3)
CASA CN-235 transport aircraft (3)
CASA C-212 transport aircraft (1)
Fokker F-28 Fellowship (5)
Fokker F-27 Friendship (8)

KC-130 air refueling aircraft

EC-120 Colibri helicopters
Sikorsky S-58 helicopters
AS.330 Puma helicopters
Bell 412 helicopters
Bell 204 helicopters
MBB Bo 105 helicopters
AS.332 Super Puma helicopters

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)
BPPT-01B Gagak
BPPT-02A Pelatuk

AA-12 Adder (R-77) air-to-air missiles
AA-11 Archer (R-73) air-to-air missiles
AA-10 Alamo (R-27) air-to-air missiles
AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
MAA-1 Piranha air-to-air missiles

Kh-59 (AS-13 Kingbolt) air-to ground missiles
Kh-31 (AS-17 Krypton) air-to ground missiles
Kh-29 (AS-14 Kedge) air-to ground missiles
AGM-65 Maverick air-to ground missiles
AGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles

Air Defense
Starstreak surface-to-air missile system?

Kobra- Polish made air defense systems consisting of 2-6 Poprad missile launcher vehicles, six ZUR-23-2KG gun/missile launchers, a Radwar Mobile Multi-beam Search Radar (MMSR), and a WD-95 command vehicle. Exported to Indonesia.

ZUR-23-2KG gun/missile launchers. Basically a Polish made ZU-23 anti-aircraft gun with two Grom surface-to-air missile launchers attached to it. Makes up part of the Kobra air defense system.

S-60 57mm towed anti-aircraft guns
Bofors 40mm towed anti-aircraft guns
ZU-23 towed 23mm anti-aircraft guns

M-55 (Yugoslavian made triple barrel 20mm towed anti-aircraft guns)
Rheinmetall Rh-202 towed 20mm anti-aircraft guns

The Rapier surface-to-air missiles system was retired in 2007?

Air Force Special Forces
Orange berets

Skyshield air defense system

QW-3 shoulder fired surface-to-air missile launchers

Tugasanda Turangga 4x4 armored vehicles with Remote Weapon Stations. Made in Indonesia with subsystems from Aselsan of Turkey.

Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL)
Approximately 74,000 personnel with 136 ships total

Frigates (6)

Corvettes (23)

Submarines (2)
Missile Boats (21)
Mandau Class- 4
Todak Class- 4
Pandrong Class- 2
Sampari Class (KCR-60)- 3
Clurit Class (KCR-40)- 8

Landing Platform, Dock (5)

Landing Craft (31)
Mine Warfare Vessels (12)
Patrol Boats (53)
Smaller Patrol Boats received from the U.S. in 2011 (19)

Some Corvettes with Exocet anti-ship missiles. Mistral or SA-N-5 surface-to-air missiles.
Some Corvettes with C-705 anti-ship missiles
Some Frigates with Exocet anti-ship missiles.
The SS-N-26 are to replace Harpoon missiles.
Sea Cat surface-to-air missiles replaced by Mistral (SIMBAD) air defense systems.

Naval Aviation

CASA C-212 aircraft used for maritime patrol and transport

Mi-2 helicopters
Bell 412 helicopters
Super Puma helicopters
MBB Bo 105 helicopters

Navy Special Forces
Komando Pasukan Katak (Kopaska)
Red beret

 Armbrust disposable anti-tank rocket launchers

Navy counter-terrorist force

Marine Corps
Korps Marinir (Kormar)
Hot Pink berets

PT-76 light amphibious tanks
AMX-10 infantry fighting vehicles

BVP-2 infantry fighting vehicles

BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles
BTR-80 armored personnel carriers

BTR-50 armored personnel carriers

AAV-7 amphibious tracked vehicles

PTS amphibious tracked vehicles

RM-70 122mm multiple rocket launchers

LG1 towed 105mm howitzers

AT-5 (9M113 Konkurs) anti-tank guided missiles

Battalion Intai Amfibi (YONTAIFIB)
Marine Corps Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion 

Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat (TNI-AD)
Approximately 233,000 active duty personnel

Leopard 2 RI tanks. Designated RI for the Republic of Indonesia. Used Leopard 2A4 outfitted for the tropical climate of Indonesia. (61)

Leopard 2A4 tanks (42)

Harimau medium tank with 105mm gun. Joint project between FNSS of Turkey and Pindad of Indonesia. Designated the Kaplan MT in Turkey

AMX-13 light tanks (275)

FV101 Scorpion 90 light tanks (60)
Marder infantry fighting vehicles (2)

Doosan Tarantula 6x6 armored fighting vehicles. South Korean made.

AMX-VTT armored personnel carriers (200)
Stormer armored personnel carrier (50)

Pindad APS-3 Indonesian made armored personnel carrier (154)

BTR-152 armored personnel carriers (150)
FV603 Saracen armored personnel carriers (55)

VAB armored personnel carriers (46)
Casspir mine resistant armored personnel carriers
FV601 Saladin armored vehicles

M113 armored personnel carriers (150)

Arisgator- M113 with amphibious configuration (5)

Pindad APS-3 Anoa 6x6 armored vehicle

Pindad APS-2

Pindad APS-1 (Angkut Personel Sedang-1)- 6x6 wheeled armored personnel carriers

Ferret armored vehicles

BTR-40 armored personnel carriers

Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicles. Used by Kopassus

P2 vehicles

P3 vehicles

P6 All Terrain Assault Vehicle (ATAV)

Sherpa 4x4 utility vehicles
VBL 4x4 utility vehicles
Pindad Komodo 4x4 utility vehicles. Indonesian made.

Pindad Komodo air defense variant with Mistral surface-to-air missiles

Artillery Corps
Wear light brown berets
ASTROS II multiple rocket launchers
BM-14 multiple rocket launchers (24)
NDL-40 70mm multiple rocket launchers (Indonesian made)

CAESAR 155mm self propelled howitzers (2)

M109A4 155mm self propelled howitzers (36) 

FH-2000 towed 155mm howitzers. Made in Singapore. 
Pindad 105mm howitzers (Indonesian made copy of the Oto Melara Model 56 pack howitzer)
KH-178 towed 105mm howitzers (54)

M101 towed 105mm howitzers 

Starstreak short range missiles with Rapid Ranger launchers on URO VAMTAC vehicles

Starstreak short range missiles with Lighweight Multiple Launchers  on Range Rover vehicles.

Army Aviation Corps
Korps Penerbad
Wear Maroon berets

CASA C212 transport aircraft
Douglas DC-3 aircraft
Mi-35 attack helicopters (6)
Mi-17 transport helicopters (5)
Bell 47 helicopters
Bell 412 helicopters
Bell UH-1 helicopters
EC 120 Colibri helicopters


Green beret

Army Special Forces
Komando Pasukan Khasus (Kopassus)
Red beret



Weapons used by the Indonesian Army
FGM-148 Javelin anti-tank guided missiles
AT-13 Saxhorn (9K115-2 Metis-M) anti-tank guided missiles
AT-5 Spandrel (9M113 Konkurs) anti-tank guided missiles
MBT-LAW shoulder fired anti-tank guided missiles?

PF-89 anti-tank rocket launchers
Carl Gustav anti-tank rocket launcher
LRAC 89 anti-tank rocket launchers?
M80 anti-tank rocket launchers?
C-90 CR anti-tank rocket launchers

Indonesian made Tabung Pelontar (TP) rifle grenades

M203 under barrel grenade launchers
M79 grenade launchers

Pindad SPR-2 Indonesian made 12.7x99mm anti-material/sniper rifles
Pindad SMB-QCB heavy machine gun? (Indonesian copy of the Singaporean CIS 50 machine gun)
Pindad SM2 machine gun (Indonesian copy of the FN MAG)
Pindad SM3 machine gun (Indonesian copy of the FN Minimi)Accuracy International Arctic Warfare sniper rifles (Used by Special Forces)
Pindad SPR-1 Indonesian made 7.62x51mm sniper rifles
Pindad SPR-3 Indonesian made 7.62x51mm sniper rifles
Pindad SS1 assault rifles. Standard issue. Being phased out by the SS2. SS stands for Senapan Serbu or “Assault Rifle”.

Pindad SS2 assault rifles. (Indonesian made)

M16 assault rifles
G36 assault rifles (Used by Special Forces)
Steyr AUG assault rifles (Used by Kopassus)
Pindad PM2 Indonesian made 9x19mm sub-machine guns 

HK MP5 sub-machine guns
Pindad PS-01 Indonesian made 5.56x21mm pistols 
Pindad P1 pistols (Indonesian copy of the Browning Hi Power)
Pindad P2 pistols (Indonesian copy of the Browning Hi Power)
Sig Sauer P226 pistols (Used by Kopassus)
M1911 .45 cal pistols

Army Strategic Reserve Command
Komando Cadangan Strategis Angkatan Darat

17th Airborne Infantry Brigade

TONTAIPUR (Peleton Intai Tempur)
Combat and Reconnaissance Platoon. Under KOSTRAD

Pasukan Pengamanan Presiden (Paspampres)
Presidential Guard
Wear light blue berets

(POLRI)- Indonesian Republic National Police
Polisi (Police)

Brigade Mobil (Brimob)- Mobile Brigade

Detachment 88- Counter-terrorist unit of the Mobile Brigade

GEGANA- Special Response unit of the Mobile Brigade


Sentra Surya Ekajaya  (SSE)
PAL state owned shipyard
Indonesian Aerospace (IAe)
Tugasanda Group 
PT Karimun Anugrah Sejati (KAS) shipyard

Indonesian Army personnel

Indonesian Air Force personnel

Indonesian Navy personnel

Female military personnel


  1. Indonesian Army had acquired 2 Leopard 2A4 MBT and 2 Marder 1A3 IFV in September 2013

  2. in 2012 Indonesian Army had purchased about 54 units KH-178 105mm towed howitzer from South Korea and still had M101 105mm towed howitzer in inventory.

  3. for more details, refer back to wikipedia

  4. How do I send a few pictures to this blog? I have photos of the latest weapon systems owned by Indonesia. thank you